Deriving the Eustatic Sea Level Component in the Kattaegatt Sea
Full Text(PDF, 1915KB)
Author: Nils-Axel Mörner
Abstract: Changes in global sea level is an issue of much controversy. In the Kattegatt Sea, the glacial isostatic component factor is well established and the axis of tilting has remained stable for the last 8000 years. At the point of zero regional crustal movements, there are three tide gauges indicating a present rise in sea level of 0.8 to 0.9 mm/yr for the last 125 years. This value provides a firm record of the regional eustatic rise in sea level in this part of the globe.
Keywords: Sea Level Changes; Eustasy; Glacial Isostatic Uplift; Shorelines; Benchmarks; Tide Gauges; Zone of Zero Uplift; The Kattegatt Sea
References:

[1] IPCC. “Fifth Assessment Report” (2014), “Fourth Assessment Report” (2007), “Third Assessment Report” (2001).

[2] [2] Mörner, N.-A. “The Late Quaternary history of the Kattegatt Sea and the Swedish West Coast: deglaciation, shorelevel displacement, chronology, isostasy and eustasy.” Sveriges Geol. Undersökn. C-640 (1969):1-487.

[3] [3] Mörner, N.-A. “Eustatic changes during the last 20,000 years and a method of separating the isostatic and eustatic factors in an uplifted area.” Palaeogeogr. Palaeoclim. Palaeoecol. 9 (1971):153-181.

[4] [4] Mörner, N.-A. “Isostasy, eustasy and crustal sensivity.” Tellus 24 (1972): 586-592.

[5] [5] Mörner, N.-A. “Eustatic change during the last 300 years.” Palaeogeogr. Palaeoclim. Palaeoecol. 13 (1973): 1-14.

[6] [6] Mörner, N.-A. “Eustatic changes during the last 8,000 years in view of radiocarbon calibration and new information from the Kattegatt region and other northwestern European coastal areas.” Palaeogeogr. Palaeoclim. Palaeoecol. 19 (1976): 63-85.

[7] [7] Mörner, N.-A. “Past and present uplift in Sweden: glacial isostasy, tectonism and bedrock influence.” Geol. Fören. Stockh. Förh. 99 (1977): 48-54.

[8] [8] Mörner, N.-A. “The Fennoscandian uplift and Late Cenozoic geodynamics: geological evidence.” GeoJournal 3 (1979): 287-318.

[9] [9] Mörner, N.-A. “The Fennoscandian uplift: Geological data and their geodynamic implication.” In: Earth Rheology, Isostasy and Eustasy, edited by N.-A. Mörner, p. 251-284. John Wiley & Sons (1980).

[10] [10] Mörner, N.-A. “The northwest European “sea-level laboratory” and regional Holocene eustasy.” Palaeogeogr. Palaeoclim. Palaeoecol. 29 (1980): 281-300.

[11] [11] Mörner, N.-A. “Late Quaternary sea-level changes in northwestern Europe: a synthesis.” Geol. Fören. Stockh. Förh. 100 (1980): 381-400.

[12] [12] Mörner, N.-A. “Course and origin of the Fennoscandian uplift: the case of two different mechanisms.” Terra Nova 3 (1991): 408-413.

[13] [13] Mörner, N.-A. “Sea level variability.” Z. Geomorphology N.S. 102 (1996): 223-232.

[14] [14] Mörner, N.-A. “Sea level changes in western Europe”, Integrated Coastal Zone Management 1/2 (2000): 31-36.

[15] [15] Mörner, N.-A. “Estimating future sea level changes.” Global Planet. Change 40 (2004): 49-54.

[16] [16] Mörner, N.-A. “Paleoseismicity and uplift of Sweden.” Excursion Guide, 33rd IGC Excursion No 11, Oslo (2008): 1-107.

[17] [17] Hansen, J.M., Aagaard, T. and Binderup, M. “Absolute sea levels and isostatic changes of the eastern North Sea to central Baltic region during the last 900 years.” Boreas 41 (2011): 180-208. DOI 10.1111/j.1502-3885.2011.00229.x

[18] [18] NOAA, “National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Tides & Currents, Sea Level Online” (2012). http://tidesandcurrents.noaa.gov/sltrends/sltrends.shtml

[19] [19] Mörner, N.-A. “Some problems in the reconstruction of mean sea level and its changes with time.” Quaternary International 221 (2010): 3-8.

[20] [20] Gregersen, S. and Voss, P.H. “Review of some significant claimed irregularities in Scandinavian postglacial uplift on timescales of tens to thousands of years – earthquakes in Denmark?” Solid Earth 5 (2014): 109-118.

[21] [21] Fairbridge, R.W. “Eustatic changes in sea level.” Physics Chemistry of the Earth 4 (1961): 99-185.

[22] [22] Mörner, N.-A. “Sea level changes: past records and future expectations.” Energy & Environment 24 (2013): 509-536.

[23] [23] Sea Level Research Group of University of Colorado (2014). http://sealevel.colorado.edu/

[24] [24] Mörner, N.-A. “Sea level changes – a short comment.” Global Climate Status Report 2013 (2013): 5-9.

Creative Commons License